A continuous accessible path of travel is a fundamental requirement for equitable access to the built environment. This should be provided from any car park, public transport or taxi set down area and property boundary to and through any buildings, facilities, installations and key elements within a site. This route can consist of pathways, roadways, pedestrian crossings and ramps. It cannot incorporate any step, stairway, turnstile, revolving door, escalator, moving walk or other impediment.
The key requirements of accessible approaches, on-site roadways and pedestrian crossings include:
- consideration of all modes of transport including pedestrians, bicycles, motor vehicles, scooters, wheelchairs, taxis and buses
- wide pathways and roadways suitable for the expected volume of pedestrians or vehicle traffic
- firm, level, slip resistant ground surfaces in both wet and dry conditions
- minimal cross falls on pathways and at pedestrian crossings
- adequate overhead clearances along the entire length of the access route
- hazard tactile ground surface indicators at pedestrian and vehicle conflicts and pedestrian crossings
- bollards installed to ensure parked vehicles do not encroach onto pathways
- wide openings between any bollards and at gates, with appropriate circulation space available on both sides for ease of access by pedestrians
- landscaping elements that do not create visual confusion within pathway ground surfaces but are incorporated along the edges of pathways to assist with wayfinding, for example, colour contrast edges, low level plantings with specific scents
- seating and shelter for pedestrians at regular intervals along pathways and at public transport stops
- clear, concise, easy to read signage, incorporating international symbols of access or deafness, identifying key elements along access routes
- clear, concise, easy to read signage, incorporating international symbols of access or deafness, identifying shared vehicle and pedestrian pathways indicating designated areas of use
- where possible, separate pedestrian, vehicle and bicycle paths incorporating clearly defined and marked boundaries
- consistent and even lighting (reflected downward - without pooling or producing glare).
- Clear definition between the roadway and pathway system through the use of coloured ground surfaces or tactile installations.
- Roads that incorporate a direct connection, for example, kerb ramp to pathways at alighting or departure points, for example, taxi ranks, public transport stops and car parks.
- In larger car parks, provision of separate vehicle entry and exit points to assist with the flow of traffic and speed humps strategically located to increase safety.
- Roadways incorporating adequate width and turning circles that are appropriate for the expected traffic type and volume, for example, minibuses and public buses.
- Designated pedestrian crossings at regular intervals and appropriate locations.
- Clearly defined pedestrian crossings incorporating a contrasting colour ground surface to adjacent and background surfaces.
- Clearly signed and designated pedestrian crossings that indicate ‘right of way for pedestrians’, to avoid confusion with traffic calming devices.
- Pedestrian crossings, medians and kerb ramps that are wide and deep enough to allow all users to wait with safety, for example, parent with pram.
- Appropriate kerb ramps that extend across the width of pedestrian crossings.
- Non-slip paintwork at any pedestrian crossing point.
- Controls at signal operated pedestrian crossings that can be easily reached by a person when standing or seated and operated with a closed fist or open palm, incorporating audible, visible and tactile signal notification elements.
- Sensor operated pedestrian crossing controls where possible.
- ‘Puffin’ pedestrian crossings that extend the crossing time at locations where it is anticipated larger numbers of older adults may require access.
- Pedestrian crossing poles with an effective contrast to background and adjacent surfaces.
Key access dimensions