Beaches, lakes and rivers

Beaches, lakes and rivers

The following key requirements and access dimensions for beaches, lakes and rivers must be read in conjunction with key requirements and key access dimensions for all buildings and all installations.

Key requirements

  • A continuous accessible path of travel from the property entrance and any associated car park to any beach, lake or river access point.
  • Clear, easy to read general signage incorporating relevant international symbols of access or deafness, that can easily be read by a person when standing or seated and incorporating raised tactile and Braille elements.
  • Clear, easy to read safety signage, incorporating relevant international symbols of access or deafness that can easily be read by a person when standing or seated or within any water regarding water depth, safe areas to swim or other safety issues.
  • Information regarding any equipment hire and cost and hire terms, for example, beach accessible wheelchair, umbrellas, boat or ski hire and chairs.
  • A boardwalk with handrails, guard rails and kerbs on both sides, that provides an accessible path of travel to and over any soft ground surface, for example, section of beach (sand), with access to the water or an accessible ramp, matting or other accessible pathway that provides access into the water.
  • Resting spaces, including some incorporating seating with backs and arm rests, protected by shade and shelter, connected to, but set back from the path of travel
  • Level access to viewing areas or platforms.
  • Shade and shelter over some viewing or rest areas, or platforms.
  • Accessible shower and ‘feet’ rinse installations or toilets connected to, but set back from the path of travel.
  • Access to appropriate toilets and change rooms suitable for all users including people with mobility challenges, for example, ambulant and unisex accessible toilets and family change rooms.

Key access dimensions


 

Side view of an accessible boardwalk.Figure 1: Access to a boardwalk

  1. Boardwalk planks at right angle to path of travel
  2. Seating installed at a minimum 60m intervals along pathways
  3. Minimum 450mm high kerbs on edge of any raised boardwalk

  • A continuous accessible pedestrian path of travel that is a minimum of 2000mm high and 1000mm wide for an ambulant person, 1200mm wide for a person using a wheelchair, 1500mm wide for two people to pass each other easily and 1800mm wide for a person using a wheelchair to turn 180°.
  • Signage installed within appropriate ‘Zones for Viewing’ in accordance with Australian Standards.
  • Boardwalk surface planks installed at a right angle to the path of travel.
  • A minimum of 6mm and maximum of 10mm between boardwalk surface planks.
  • Minimum of 450mm high kerbs on edge of any boardwalk (raised above ground level).
  • Seating installed at a minimum 60m intervals along pathways.
  • Seating with backs and armrests (220 - 300mm above the seat) at a height of 350mm - suitable for children, 450mm - general public use, 520mm - for older adults).
  • Appropriate reach ranges and controls in accordance with Australian Standards.
  • Accessible showers, toilets, fixtures and fittings in accordance with Australian Standards.
  • Lighting installed to required lux levels in accordance with the range in Australian Standards.

Table 1: Relevant Australian Standards for beaches, lakes and rivers

NumberTitle
AS 1428.1 – 2009Design for access and mobility - General Requirements for Access - New Building Work
AS 1428.2 - 1992Design for access and mobility - Enhanced and Additional Requirements - Buildings and Facilities
AS 4586 - 2013Slip Resistance Classification of New Pedestrian Surface Materials
AS/NZS 1158 Set:2010 Lighting for Roads and Public Spaces

Links to other relevant information

Jetties

The following key requirements and access dimensions for jetties must be read in conjunction with key requirements and key access dimensions for all buildings and all installations.

Key requirements

  • A continuous accessible path of travel from the property entrance and any associated car park to the jetty.
  • Clear, easy to read signage incorporating relevant international symbols of access or deafness, that can easily be read by a person when standing or seated and incorporating raised tactile and Braille elements.
  • Kerbs, guard rails on any ramps to a jetty.
  • Appropriate gradients on any ramps to or at the jetty.
  • An accessible non-slip pathway in both wet and dry conditions onto and along the jetty.
  • An appropriate contrast edge along the jetty next to the water’s edge.
  • Kerbs on jetty edges or hazard tactile ground surface indicators along any jetty edge where there is no guard rail or kerb, for example, water edge (excluding where boat access is required).
  • Jetty floor planks installed at a right angle to the path of travel.
  • Handrails on both sides of the jetty that extend out to boat boarding areas (where provided).
  • Shade and shelter over any section of jetty where users must wait to board water craft.
  • Resting spaces, (if space allows on jetty), incorporating seating with backs and armrests, protected by shade and shelter, connected to, but set back from the path of travel along the jetty.
  • An accessible height fishing area (if fishing allowed) with access over or any safety barrier that can easily be used by a person when standing or seated.

Key access dimensions

 

Side view of an accessible jetty.Figure 2: Access to a jetty

  1. Preferred minimum width 2000mm
  2. Minimum 6mm and maximum 10mm between jetty planks
  3. An extended platform 2400mm x 1500mm minimum, to be provided for fishing where a jetty is not 2000mm wide
  4. Access to boats given at low level jetties

  • A continuous accessible path of travel that is a minimum of 2000mm high, 1000mm wide for an ambulant person, 1200mm wide for a person using a wheelchair, 1500mm wide for two people to pass each other easily and 1800mm wide for a person using a wheelchair to turn 180°.
  • Jetty for access to small boats to be fixed at a max of 600mm above water level.
  • Floating jetty or pier a maximum of 150 – 600mm above water level.
  • A jetty that is at least 2000mm wide (2400mm preferred - 1500mm minimum)
  • An extended platform 2400mm x 1500mm minimum, to be provided for fishing where a jetty is not 2000mm wide.
  • A kerb or kick plate and rail maximum height 350mm to provide protection but allow for fishing.
  • A minimum of 6mm and maximum of 10mm between jetty planks.
  • A minimum 300mm kerbs on edge of jetty where provided.
  • Tactile ground surface indicators set back 600 - 900mm from any hazard (600 - 900mm deep) and have a minimum of 30% luminance contrast to their adjoining or background surfaces.
  • Seating with backs and armrests (220 - 300mm above the seat) at a height of 350mm suitable for children, 450mm - general public use, 520mm - for older adults).
  • Lighting installed to required lux levels in accordance with the range in Australian Standards.

Table 2: Relevant Australian Standards for jetties

NumberTitle
AS 1428.1 – 2009Design for access and mobility - General Requirements for Access - New Building Work
AS 1428.2 - 1992Design for access and mobility - Enhanced and Additional Requirements - Buildings and Facilities
AS/NZS 1428.4.1 - 2009Tactile Ground Surface Indicators for the Orientation of People with Vision Impairment
AS 4586 - 2013Slip Resistance Classification of New Pedestrian Surface Materials
AS/NZS 1158 Set:2010Lighting for Roads and Public Spaces

Links to other relevant information